Cultural significance of First Nation’s traditional crafts 

A few local First Nations members believe traditional art and crafts signify the strength of Indigenous cultural identity.

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Beading, an indigenous art carft.
Indigenous beading art. (file)

FORT ST.JOHN, B.C. – Local First Nations members believe traditional art and crafts signify the strength of Indigenous cultural identity.

According to Sandra Apsassin, the Elders coordinator for Blueberry River First Nation, sewing and beaded designs are art forms that define and shape her personality.

Apsassin believes traditional crafts are influential in preserving Indigenous communities’ cultural history.

“I remember my grandmother through these art forms,” said Apsassin.

First Nations’ idea of art is connected to their surroundings and environment. Apsassin said both beading and sewing art forms draw their inspiration from Indigenous land and resources.

“Our art crafts are a way of communication with our sacred land and creator.”

Basketry, Moose Hair Tufting, and Quillwork are other traditional art crafts of Indigenous people.

According to North Peace Museum curator Heather Sjoblom, traditional art crafts strengthen the Indigenous identity. Sjoblom believes that a community’s values are visible through its traditions and art and crafts.

In her article Beads: Symbols of Indigenous Cultural Resilience and Value, Malinda Gray, a Ph.D. candidate in Indigenous studies attending Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario., explained the history and the importance of beadwork designs in Indigenous communities.

Beadwork designs and patterns come to Indigenous artists via dreams and are considered a sacred gift from the creator, according to Gray.

Mocassins at Doig River First Nation. (Manavpreet Singh,

While creating designs, it is essential to recognize the meaning of different colours and patterns in Indigenous communities.

“Orange colour represents survival; black, red, yellow, and white represent colours of medicine,” said Gray.

As an Indigenous artist, Apsassin knows the socio-economic benefits of these art crafts, especially for women.

“Through these art forms, women can express their feelings and be proud and preserve an important aspect of First Nations history,” said Apsassin.

Basketry, Moose Hair Tufting, and Quillwork art crafts at North Peace Museum. (Manavpreet Singh,

Rita Glover, a Doig River First Nation Elder, believes “traditional art crafts are healing medicine for women.”

For Glover, beading is the best mental exercise that creatively channelizes her energy. One of her favourite aspects of beading is teaching younger generations, which Glover believes is vital to keep Indigenous art alive.

“It gives me satisfaction and happiness when I see young Indigenous kids learn and heal through our art crafts.”

Glover feels bead artists, especially Indigenous women, are now being taken seriously in the mainstream media, which is a positive sign for our traditional art and Indigenous identity.

Due to the cultural trauma experienced by Indigenous communities, traditional art crafts remain an essential medium in their healing process.

“Our survival depends on our traditions and values; we are committed to creating opportunities and an environment where young Indigenous kids should carry the legacy of our ancestors through traditional art crafts,” said Glover.

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