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Our joints are integral when it comes to moving our bodies, whether it is your knee or your shoulder. However, even though it is so important, many people don’t even consider joint health as an area to focus on. 

As we get older, the cartilage that cushions our joints becomes thin or wears out. This deterioration can cause inflammation and pain that is generally associated with different kinds of arthritis. Therefore, protecting your joints as early as possible can prevent these issues and enhance mobility as you age. Follow these tips to get started!

Do Regular Exercise and Include Warm-Ups and Cool Downs

Staying physically active is a great way to prevent stiff, painful joints, and doing low-impact exercises like walking, swimming, and biking helps keep them lubricated. Muscles pull on bones and contract to help joints bend and straighten. Therefore, strengthening muscles by lifting weights can improve functionality and provide better joint support.

As with any exercise plan, discuss restrictions and recommendations with your doctor before starting a weightlifting routine.

Gentle movements before and after a regular exercise routine can help prevent joint and muscle strains. In a warm-up, slowly work the muscles you’re planning to use. You can even try mimicking specific movements from your workout in a set of dynamic warm-up stretches to prep your muscles and joints for exercise. An effective warmup can be done in as little as 5 minutes.

Cooling down after exercising is can be helpful as well, although not always necessary. Doing a slow, gentle set of movements for five to 10 minutes that target the muscles you worked out should do the trick.

Stay Hydrated

Staying well-hydrated is essential to your overall health. Water regulates body temperature, helps stave off infection, helps kidneys eliminate toxins, lubricates joints, and so much more! For good joint health, you should replace the water your body loses. If it recognizes a shortage, your body will try to pull the water it needs from other places – including your cartilage. When your cartilage loses water, there is less synovial fluid in your joints. Without proper lubrication, joints stiffen, become hard to move, and might cause pain.

To stay properly hydrated, men need to take in about 3.7 litres of fluids, and women need about 2.7 litres per day. Under these guidelines, 20 percent of fluids can come from food and the rest from water and other drinks. Drinking a lot of sugary beverages like soda or energy boosters is discouraged.


Photo: Stígur Már Karlsson /Heimsmyndir via

Don’t Tax Your Joints

“No pain, no gain!” is a common mantra when starting a new exercise routine. Staying motivated is great – but you should never push your body beyond its limits. If something hurts, don’t ignore the pain. Muscle soreness will happen – especially if you haven’t worked out in a long time or are new to doing any kind of exercise. This feeling, however, should ease up in time.

On the other hand, if a joint starts hurting and doesn’t stop, quit working out and address the issue as soon as possible with your doctor or physiotherapist. Ignoring nagging pain and taxing an aggravated joint can lead to injuries and recovery time that you didn’t expect.

As always, slow and steady wins the race. If your joints feel extra stiff one morning, take it easy! Do simple movements to help maintain mobility, but don’t do anything that could potentially make it worse. At the end of the day, get up and get moving in one way or another!

Overall, proactively protecting your joints as early as possible can help prevent joint pain, improve mobility, and maintain strength as you age.

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