Some facts about the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp

About 100 Holocaust survivors from around the world, including Canada, are returning to Poland this week to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. Here are some facts:

Sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau:

1.1 million Jews

140,000–150,000 non-Jewish Poles

23,000 Roma and Sinti (Gypsies)

15,000 Soviet prisoners of war

25,000 others

Killed at Auschwitz-Birkenau:

960,000 Jews

74,000 Poles,

21,000 Roma (Gypsies)

15,000 Soviet prisoners of war

10,000–15,000 members of other nationalities (Soviet civilians, Czechs, Yugoslavs, French, Germans, and Austrians).

Arrivals by country:

Hungary: 426,000

Poland: 300,000

France: 69,000

Netherlands: 60,000

Greece: 55,000

Bohemia and Moravia: 46,000

Slovakia: 27,000

Belgium: 25,000

Yugoslavia: 10,000

Italy: 7,500

Norway: 690

other (including concentration camps): 34,000.

Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

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